Indonesia in Brief

Geographically located in Southeast Asia, Indonesia (officially the Republic of Indonesia) lies across the Equator and covers an area of 1,919,440 km2

As the largest archipelagic country with the second-longest coastline in the world, it consists of 17,508 islands. The five major islands are Sumatra, Java, Borneo (bordered by Malaysia and the Nation of Brunei), Sulawesi, and New Guinea (bordered by Papua New Guinea). Its territory is administratively divided into 34 provinces with Jakarta as the special capital region.

The climate of Indonesia is defined as tropical with two distinct seasons, a dry season (June to September) and a rainy season (December to March). However, its temperature does not vary by much over the year. The daily temperatures range from 26-36°C depending on the location. While certain parts of Indonesia, such as in the mountain area is lower than 24°C.

Indonesia is depicted to be one of the most populous nations in the world. According to UN data, its population has reached 273,524,000 in 2020. More than half of Indonesia's total population live in Java.

Well-known and recognized as a multicultural and multilingual country, Indonesia is home to an estimated 400 ethnic groups. Besides Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia), the official language, there are 583 local languages and dialects actively spoken by communities throughout Indonesia.

Indonesia is among the 17 most megadiverse countries. It possesses 25,000 flowering plants, 515 mammals, 781 reptiles, 35 primates, 1,592 birds, and 270 amphibians. Some of these species are endemic or only found in Indonesia.

The combination of geographic, multiculturalism and biodiversity heavily influence regional and traditional cuisines in Indonesia. Fresh spices and herbs play the most important part in traditional Indonesian cooking and make each dish has a truly authentic flavour.

Diperbaharuai terakhir 2021-03-08 17:59